when information technology is being used as a production factor, a problem arises: is it effective?. In other words, enterprises do not make full use of their existing information technology and equipment, so that the output to achieve as high as possible, or at the same level of production, so that the least cost of information technology. This tells us that enterprises should not only make a new combination of production factors, but also make the most effective use of production factors. Today, many manufacturing enterprises in China are stepping up e-commerce and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, however, how can we make the two companies to be technically effective?
E-commerce and ERP
for different social organizations, the understanding of e-commerce is different. For manufacturing enterprises, e-commerce should be through the Internet to expand the elements of the market and the consumer market, the purchase of inputs and sales of products or services produced a new transaction model. It is not only the pursuit of the site click rate, but also the pursuit of the site transaction rate, the overall competitiveness of enterprises and economic benefits, at the same time, it also brings an increase in the stock of social wealth, and maximize social welfare. It has the following characteristics: (1) digital or symbolic commodity and currency; (2) the transaction process of electronic, paperless and purchase personalized; (3) market network, integration and marginalization; (4) beyond time and space, trading places and different transaction possible.
manufacturing or manufacturing enterprises use e-commerce is essential. (1) because it can reduce circulation, reduce transaction costs; (2) to accelerate the capital turnover and inventory turnover; (3) improve marketing capabilities, expand domestic and foreign markets; (4) convenient customer information records, improve customer service system, to enhance customer relationship management; (5) promote enterprises from production oriented management to market oriented management.
2 Enterprise Resource Planning
enterprise resource planning (Enterprise Resource Planning, ERP) is a kind of scientific management computer, originated in the early 1960s, has experienced the era of material requirement planning (MRP) and manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) era. By 90s, the idea of resource management for enterprises began to put forward, MRP II into the ERP era. ERP on the development and product design, operation control, production planning, procurement, marketing, investment goods sales, inventory (inputs, semi-finished products and finished products), financial and personnel and other aspects of integrated optimization and management, including the corresponding module part. ERP is not mechanically adapted to the existing process of the enterprise, but it is the improvement and optimization of the unreasonable part of the enterprise process, which may lead to the redesign of the organization and the reorganization of the business process.
The role of
ERP in the enterprise is obvious: